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 Global Change Biology - Bioenergy 3: 277-292.  DOI:10.1111/j.1757-1707.2011.01095.x  

Global Change Biology 17: 3089-3101. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02458.x

Environmental Pollution 159:3204-3014. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2011.05.004

Global Change Biology 18: 726-738. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02563.x


Soil Biology and Biochemistry41: 1622-1631. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.04.024


Environmental controls over soil-atmosphere exchange of N2O, NO, and CO2 in a temperate Norway spruce forest

Environmental controls over soil-atmosphere exchange of N2O, NO, and CO2 in a temperate Norway spruce forest

Wu, X.; Brüggemann, N.; Gasche, R.; Shen, Z.; Wolf, B.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.


Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24 (GB2012), 2010, DOI: 10.1029/2009GB003616

Date: 2010

Environmental controls over soil-atmosphere exchange of N2O, NO, and CO2 in a temperate Norway spruce forest

Abstract: Trace gas exchange of N2O, NO, and CO2 between soil and the atmosphere was measured with high temporal resolution for 5 years (2004-2008) at the Höglwald Forest, Germany, using a fully automated measuring system. On the basis of these long-term continuous measurements, we calculated the annual budgets of soil-atmosphere trace gas exchange with high accuracy and demonstrated substantial seasonal and interannual variations. The mean annual soil-atmosphere exchange of N2O, NO, and CO2 at our site for the years 2004-2008 was 1.20 ± 0.09 kg N2O-N ha-1 yr-1, 8.64 ± 0.19 kg NO-N ha-1 yr-1, and 7.15 ± 0.08 t CO2-C ha-1 yr-1, respectively. Seasonal patterns of soil N2O fluxes were characterized by event emissions, generally occurring during thawing after longer freezing periods. In contrast to N2O emissions, the seasonal patterns of NO and CO2 soil-atmosphere exchange followed soil temperature changes, although a substantial increase in CO2 emissions was also observed during the freeze and thaw periods. The fact that NO fluxes were higher than N2O emissions during most of the entire observation period indicated that nitrification might have been the primary pathway of N-trace gas production in our study. The extremely high N2O emissions and the substantial interannual variation of N2O flux rates caused by the freeze and thaw effect demonstrate the need for long-term measurements with high temporal resolution in order to come up with more reliable estimates of soil-atmosphere trace fluxes.

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Selected publications

Selected Publications

Title: Impacts of climate and land use on N2O and CH4 fluxes from tropical ecosystems in the Mt. Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania.
Authors: Guetlein A., Gerschlauer F.,  Kikoti I., Kiese R.
Source: Global Change Biology
DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13944 Published: 2017


Title: Cold season soil NO fluxes from a temperate forest: drivers and contribution to annual budgets.
Authors: Medinets S., Gasche R., Skiba U., Schindlbacher A., Kiese R., Butterbach-Bahl K.
Source: Environmental Research Letters 11
DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/11/114012 Published: 2016


Title: Impacts of climate and management on water balance and nitrogen leaching from montane grassland soils of S-Germany.
Authors: Fu J., Gasche R.,  Wang N., Lu H.,  Butterbach-Bahl K., Kiese R.
Source: Environmental Pollution 229, 119-131
DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.05.071 Published: 2017


Title: Historic nitrogen deposition determines future climate change effects on nitrogen retention in temperate forests.
Authors:  Dirnböck T., Foldal C., Djukic I., Kobler J., Haas E., Kiese R., Kitzler B.
Source: Climatic Change
DOI: 10.1007/s10584-017-2024-y Published: 2017


Title: The nitrogen cycle: A review of isotope effects and isotope modeling approaches.
Authors:  Denk T., Mohn J., Decock C., Lewicka-Szczebak D., Harris E., Butterbach-Bahl K., Kiese R., Wolf B.
Source: Soil Biology and Biochemistry 105, 121-137.
Published: 2017


Title: Greenhouse gas emissions and global warming potential of traditional and diversified tropical rice rotation systems.
Authors:  Weller S., Janz B., Jörg L., Kraus D., Racela H.S.U., Butterbach-Bahl K., Wassmann R., Kiese R.
Source: Global Change Biology 22, 432-446.
Published: 2016


Title: Effects of soil temperature and moisture on methane uptake and nitrous oxide emissions across three different ecosystem types.
Authors: Luo G.J., Kiese R., Wolf, B., Butterbach-Bahl K.
Source: Biogeosciences 10, 3205-3219
Published: 2013