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Nicolas Brüggemann

Dr. Nicolas Brüggemann

Group leader
group: Center of Stable Isotopes
room: 288
phone: +49 8821 183 226
fax: +49 8821 183 294
nicolas brueggemannBtx9∂kit edu

Dr. Nicolas Brüggemann

Research interests


  • Stable isotopes in ecosystem research
  • The influence of biotic and abiotic processes on biosphere-atmosphere exchange
  • Influence of Global Change on ecosystems



1991-1997 Study of chemistry at the University of Hannover, Germany (diploma 1997)
1995-1996 Research visit at Stanford University (USA), Organic Chemistry Department
1997-2001 PhD at IMK-IFU in plant biochemistry (regulation of isoprene biosynthesis in oaks)
Postdoc at IMK-IFU, focus of the work: N trace gas emission from forest soils and coordination of the EU project NOFRETETE
since 2004 Establishment and leader of the group "Centre of Stable Isotopes" (CSI)



Courses at the Faculty of Forest and Environmental Sciences of the Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Germany


  • "Forests and Climate Change" (Master of Forest Ecology and Management)
  • "Bedeutung der Vegetation für den Wasserhaushalt" (Master of Hydrology)


Current projects


MAGIM (Research Unit 536 "Matter fluxes in grasslands of Inner Mongolia as influenced by stocking rate", DFG, German Research Foundation)
NitroEurope IP ("The nitrogen cycle and its influence on the European greenhouse gas balance", EU)

Full greenhouse gas accounting for sugarcane production systems in Brazil (International Bureau of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research)

2008-2012 COST Action ES0806 "Stable Isotopes in Biosphere-Atmosphere-Earth System Research (SIBAE)
2008-2013 ENTRANCE ("ENvironmental TRANsition of China's Ecosystems under predicted global changes", Helmholtz Association and Chinese Academy of Sciences)


Peer-reviewed ISI-cited publications of the last 5 years

Simon J, Waldhecker P, Brüggemann N, Rennenberg H, in press. Competition for nitrogen sources between European beech (Fagus sylvatica) and sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus) seedlings. Plant Biology.

Stoelken G, Pritsch K, Simon J, Müller CW, Grams TEE, Esperschütz J, Gayler S, Buegger F, Brüggemann N, Meier R, Zeller B, Winkler JB, Rennenberg H, in press. Enhanced ozone exposure of European beech (Fagus sylvatica) stimulates nitrogen mobilization from leaf litter and nitrogen accumulation in the soil. Plant Biosystems.

Fowler D, Pilegaard K, Sutton MA, Ambus P, Raivonen M, Duyzer J, Simpson D, Fagerli H, Fuzzi S, Schjoerring JK, Granier C, Neftel A, Isaksen ISA, Laj P, Maione M, Monks PS, Burkhardt J, Daemmgen U, Neirynck J, Personne E, Wichink-Kruit R, Butterbach-Bahl K, Flechard C, Tuovinen JP, Coyle M, Gerosa G, Loubet B, Altimir N, Gruenhage L, Ammann C, Cieslik S, Paoletti E, Mikkelsen TN, Ro-Poulsen H, Cellier P, Cape JN, Horváth L, Loreto F, Niinemets U, Palmer PI, Rinne J, Misztal P, Nemitz E, Nilsson D, Pryor S, Gallagher MW, Vesala T, Skiba U, Brüggemann N, Zechmeister-Boltenstern S,  Williams J, O’Dowd C, Facchini MC, de Leeuw G, Flossman A, Chaumerliac N, Erisman JW, 2009. Atmospheric composition change: Ecosystems–atmosphere interactions. Atmospheric Environment 43, 5193–5267, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.07.068.

Müller CW, Brüggemann N, Pritsch K, Stölken G, Gayler S, Esperschütz J, Winkler JB, Kögel-Knabner I, 2009. Initial differentiation of vertical soil organic matter distribution and composition under juvenile beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) trees. Plant and Soil 323, 111–123, doi:10.1007/s11104-009-9932-1.

Liu C, Holst J, Yao Z, Brüggemann N, Butterbach-Bahl K, Han S, Han X, Zheng X, 2009. Sheepfolds as “hotspots” of nitric oxide (NO) emission in an Inner Mongolian steppe. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 134, 136–142, doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.06.007.

Skiba U, Drewer J, Tang YS, van Dijk N, Helfter C, Nemitz E, Twigg M, Famulari D, Owen S, Jones SK, Pihlatie M, Vesala T, Larsen KS, Carter MS, Ambus P, Ibrom A, Beier C, Hensen A, Frumau A, Brüggemann N, Gasche R, Neftel A, Spirig C, Horvath L, Freibauer A, Cellier P, Laville P, Loubet B, Magliulo E, Bertolini T, Seufert G, Andersson M, Manca G, Laurila T, M Aurela, Lohila A, Zechmeister-Boltenstern S, Kitzler B, Schaufler G, Siemens J, Kindler R, Flechard C, Sutton MA, Erisman JW, Cape JN, Butterbach-Bahl K, 2009. Biosphere atmosphere exchange of reactive nitrogen and greenhouse gases at the NitroEurope core flux measurement sites: Measurement strategy and first annual data sets. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 133, 139–149, doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.05.018.

Holst J, Butterbach-Bahl K, Liu C, Zheng X, Kaiser AJ, Schnitzler JP, Zechmeister-Boltenstern S, Brüggemann N, 2009. Dinitrogen fixation by biological soil crusts in an Inner Mongolian steppe. Biology and Fertility of Soils 45, 679–690, doi:10.1007/s00374-009-0378-7.

Merbold L, Ardö J, Arneth A, Scholes RJ, Nouvellon Y, de Grandcourt A, Archibald S, Bonnefond JM, Boulain N, Brümmer C, Brüggemann N, Cappelaere B, Ceschia E, El-Khidir HAM, El-Tahir BA, Falk U, Lloyd J, Kergoat L, Le Dantec V, Mougin E, Muchinda M, Mukelabai MM, Ramier D, Roupsard O, Timouk F, Veenendaal EM, Kutsch WL, 2009. Precipitation as driver of carbon fluxes in 11 African ecosystems. Biogeosciences 6, 1027–1041.

Liu C, Holst J, Butterbach-Bahl K, Yao Z, Brüggemann N, Han X, Tas B, Susenbeth A, Han S, Zheng X, 2009. Growing season methane budget of an Inner Mongolian steppe. Atmospheric Environment 43, 3086–3095, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.03.014.

Brümmer C, Papen H, Wassmann R, Brüggemann N, 2009. Termite mounds as hot spots of nitrous oxide emissions in South-Sudanian savanna of Burkina Faso (W. Africa). Geophysical Research Letters 36, L09814, doi:10.1029/2009GL037351.

Brüggemann N, Meier R, Steigner D, Zimmer I, Louis S, Schnitzler JP, 2009. Non-microbial aerobic methane emission from poplar shoot cultures under low-light conditions. New Phytologist, 182, 912–918, doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02797.x.

Bahn M, Schmitt M, Siegwolf R, Richter A, Brüggemann N, 2009. Does photosynthesis affect grassland soil-respired CO2 and its carbon isotope composition at a diurnal timescale? New Phytologist 182, 451–460, doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02755.x.

Grote R, Brüggemann N, Brümmer C, Kunstmann H, Lehmann E, Szarzynski J, 2009. Modelling and observation of biosphere–atmosphere interactions in natural savannah in Burkina Faso, West Africa. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 34, 251–260, doi:10.1016/j.pce.2008.05.003.

Brümmer C, Papen H, Wassmann R, Brüggemann N, 2009. Fluxes of CH4 and CO2 from soil and termite mounds in South-Sudanian savanna of Burkina Faso (W. Africa). Global Biogeochemical Cycles 23, GB1001, doi:10.1029/2008GB003237.

Dupont R, Butterbach-Bahl K, Delon C, Brüggemann N, Serça D, 2008. Neural network treatment of 4 years long NO measurement in temperate spruce and beech forests. Journal of Geophysical Research 113, G04001, doi:10.1029/2007JG000665.

Liu C, Holst J, Brüggemann N, Butterbach-Bahl K, Yao Z, Han S, Han X, Zheng X, 2008. Effects of water input on nitrous oxide, methane and carbon dioxide fluxes in an Inner Mongolian steppe. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 25, 748756, doi:10.1007/s00376-008-0748-3.

Brümmer C, Falk U, Papen H, Szarzynski J, Wassmann R, Brüggemann N, 2008. Diurnal, seasonal and inter-annual variation in carbon dioxide and energy exchange in shrub savanna in Burkina Faso (W. Africa). Journal of Geophysical Research 113, G02030, doi:10.1029/2007JG000583.

Brümmer C, Brüggemann N, Butterbach-Bahl K, Falk U, Szarzynski J, Vielhauer K, Wassmann R, Papen H, 2008. Soil-atmosphere exchange of N2O and NO in near-natural savanna and agricultural land in Burkina Faso (W. Africa). Ecosystems 11, 582–600, doi:10.1007/s10021-008-9144-1.

Holst J, Liu C, Yao Z, Brüggemann N, Zheng X, Giese M, Butterbach-Bahl K, 2008. Fluxes of nitrous oxide, methane and carbon dioxide during freezing-thawing cycles in an Inner Mongolian steppe. Plant and Soil 308, 105–117, doi:10.1007/s11104-008-9610-8.

Sutton MA, Nemitz E, Erisman JW, Beier C, Butterbach-Bahl K, Cellier P, de Vries W,  Cotrufo F, Skiba U, Di Marco C, Jones S, Laville P, Soussana JF, Loubet B, Twigg M, Famulari D, Whitehead J, Gallagher MW, Neftel A, Flechard CR, Herrmann B, Calanca PL, Schjoerring JK, Daemmgen U, Horvath L, Tang YS, Emmett BA, Tietema A, Peñuelas J, Kesik M, Brüggemann N, Pilegaard K, Vesala K, Campbell CL, Olesen JE, Dragosits U, Theobald MR, Levy P, Mobbs DC, Milne R, Viovy N, Vuichard N, Smith JU,  Smith P, Bergamaschi P, Fowler D, Reis S, 2007. Challenges in quantifying biosphereatmosphere exchange of nitrogen species. Environmental Pollution 150, 125–139.

Holst J, Liu C, Yao Z, Brüggemann N, Zheng X, Han X, Butterbach-Bahl K, 2007. Importance of point sources on regional nitrous oxide fluxes in semi-arid steppe of Inner Mongolia, China. Plant and Soil 296, 209–226.

Liu C, Holst J, Brüggemann N, Butterbach-Bahl K, Yao Z, Yue J, Han S, Han X, Krümmelbein J, Horn R, Zheng X, 2007. Winter-grazing reduces methane uptake by soils of a typical semi-arid steppe in Inner Mongolia, China. Atmospheric Environment 41, 5948–5958.

Holst J, Liu C, Brüggemann N, Butterbach-Bahl K, Zheng X, Wang Y, Han S, Yao Z, Yue J, Han X, 2007. Microbial N turnover and N-oxide (N2O/NO/NO2) fluxes in semi-arid grassland of Inner Mongolia. Ecosystems 10, 623–634.

Kesik M, Brüggemann N, Forkel R, Kiese R, Knoche R, Li C, Seufert G, Simpson D, Butterbach-Bahl K, 2006. Future scenarios of N2O and NO emissions from European forest soils. Journal of Geophysical Research 111, Art No G02018.

Pilegaard K, Skiba U, Ambus P, Beier C, Brüggemann N, Butterbach-Bahl K, Dick J, Dorsey J, Duyzer J, Gallagher M, Gasche R, Horvath L, Kitzler B, Leip A, Pihlatie M, Rosenkranz R, Seufert G, Vesala T, Westrate H, Zechmeister-Boltenstern S, 2006. Factors controlling regional differences in forest soil emission of nitrogen oxides (NO and N2O). Biogeosciences 3, 651–661.

Rosenkranz P, Brüggemann N, Papen H, Xu Z, Horváth L, Butterbach-Bahl B, 2006. Soil N and C trace gas fluxes and microbial soil N turnover in a sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Matt) Liebl) forest in Hungary. Plant and Soil 286, 301–322.

Rosenkranz P, Brüggemann N, Papen H, Xu Z, Seufert G, Butterbach-Bahl K, 2006. N2O, NO and CH4 exchange, and microbial N turnover over a Mediterranean pine forest soil. Biogeosciences 3, 121–133.

Falge E, Reth S, Brüggemann N, Butterbach-Bahl K, Goldberg V, Oltchev A, Schaaf S, Spindler G, Stiller B, Queck R, Köstner B, Bernhofer C, 2005. Comparison of surface energy exchange models in VERTIKO. Ecological Modelling 188, 174–216.

Kesik M, Ambus P, Baritz R, Brüggemann N, Butterbach-Bahl K, Damm M, Duyzer J, Horváth L, Kiese R, Kitzler B, Leip A, Li C, Pihlatie M, Pilegaard K, Seufert G, Simpson D, Skiba U, Smiatek G, Vesala T, Zechmeister-Boltenstern S, 2005. Inventories of N2O and NO emissions from European forest soils. Biogeosciences 2, 353–375.

Complete list of publications