The PAI group is interested in the interplay between terrestrial ecosystems, climate change and land-use change, focussing on regional-global scale questions and applications. We use advanced dynamic ecosystem modelling frameworks (e.g., LPJ-GUESS) coupled to Earth system models (e.g., EC-Earth) and models of land-use change. In the broadest sense, our research questions are:
- How do climate change, change in atmospheric CO2 and land-use change individually and jointly affect the state and functioning of terrestrial ecosystems and (some of) the ecosystem services they provide?
- Where is the impact of each of these drivers largest, and over which time horizon
- Are there identifiable feedbacks in the ecosystem-landuse-climate change system?
- What (and how large) are the chief uncertainties?