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Transport Processes in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer (TABLe)

Graswang_TABLe
TABLe team at the TERENO site Graswang

Quantitative knowledge of the exchange between the biosphere and atmosphere is essential for predicting the evolution of weather, climate and ecosystems. Because the theoretical description of turbulent motion is not complete, empirical information is always required. Such empirical parameters derived from measurements have a large influence on the model uncertainty of climate simulations. Due to their fundamental character, the validation of the measurements is very important.

This research is part of the Helmholtz programme Atmosphere and Climate, topic 2 "Land-surface processes in the climate system", sub-topic 5 "Atmospheric exchange processes in complex terrain".


Research foci

LES grid nesting
Visualisation of vertical grid nesting in LES
Schechenfilz
CO2 and CH4 measurements at the bog-pine site Schechenfilz

Biosphere–atmosphere exchange in complex terrain: By using state-of-the-art micrometeorological measurements at five reference sites in complex terrain (TERENO, ICOS), the overall ecosystem greenhouse gas balances (CO2, CH4, N2O) are investigated. With respect to homogeneity and stationarity, the micrometeorological conditions at monitoring field sites are often far from ideal and, therefore, the assessment of biosphere-atmosphere exchange over natural fragmented landscapes is still a great challenge. For reliable greenhouse gas budgets a comprehensive study of gap-filling and uncertainty assessment is required. In addition, a better understanding of source area (footprint) issues is important to understand the spatial aggregation of fluxes over complex terrain.

Energy Balance:  Worldwide in-situ measurement of the energy balance at >180 sites exhibit an underestimation of the turbulent transport (λE + H) by 10-30% measured by the eddy-covariance technique. There are strong indications (e.g. Stoy, Mauder, Foken et al., 2013) that heterogeneity-induced transport on large scales (100- 10000 m) is not captured by common eddy-covariance set-ups. Hence, the goal is capturing all relevant scales of biosphere-atmosphere exchange to address the enigmatic energy balance closure problem.

Large-eddy simulation: We apply the large-eddy simulation (LES) model PALM and develop new features to address specific research questions, such as virtual tower and lidar measurements and transport of greenhouse gases and air pollutants. This model serves as a tool for simulating tranport processes between biosphere and atmosphere on eco-system to the landscape scales. The results of these simulations form the basis to develop parameterizations of the impact of surface heterogeneities and complex terrain on the fluxes of energy and trace gases. Currently, we also work on the implementation of atmospheric chemistry into LES, which is of particular interest for urban systems.

LES youtube videos


Research approach

We follow an Integrated research approach, which closely combines modelling and measurements, applying advanced statistical analysis methods such as wavelet transform.
Research_approach

Data from the TERENO preAlpine observatory are used to support this research.

Cooperations 

Teaching for students of the geoecology BSc and MSc programs 
 
KIT/IMK-TRO
 
Mauder M., Cuntz M., Drüe C., Graf A., Rebmann C., Schmid H.P., Schmidt M., Steinbrecher R., 2013. A strategy for quality and uncertainty assessment of long-term eddy-covariance measurements. Agric. Forest Meteor. 169, 122-135.
 
University of Hannover
Advancements in the PALM LES modelling system
 
University of Bayreuth Department of Micrometeorology 
Data quality and post-processing of eddy-covariance data (TK3 software)
 

Publications


2019
Klosterhalfen, A.; Graf, A.; Brüggemann, N.; Drüe, C.; Esser, O.; González-Dugo, M. P.; Heinemann, G.; Jacobs, C. M. J.; Mauder, M.; Moene, A. F.; Ney, P.; Pütz, T.; Rebmann, C.; Ramos Rodríguez, M.; Scanlon, T. M.; Schmidt, M.; Steinbrecher, R.; Thomas, C. K.; Valler, V.; Zeeman, M. J.; Vereecken, H. (2019). Source partitioning of H2O and CO2 fluxes based on high-frequency eddy covariance data: a comparison between study sites. Biogeosciences, 16 (6), 1111–1132. doi:10.5194/bg-16-1111-2019
Berger, S.; Bliefernicht, J.; Linstädter, A.; Canak, K.; Guug, S.; Heinzeller, D.; Hingerl, L.; Mauder, M.; Neidl, F.; Quansah, E.; Salack, S.; Steinbrecher, R.; Kunstmann, H. (2019). The impact of rain events on CO2 emissions from contrasting land use systems in semi-arid West African savannas. The science of the total environment, 647, 1478–1489. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.397
2018
Hald, C.; Mauder, M.; Laux, P.; Zeeman, M.; Kunstmann, H. (2018). WRF-LES simulations of real episodes in complex terrain and comparison with height-resolving ground-based remote sensing data. EGU General Assembly (2018), Vienna, Austria, April 8–13, 2018.
Bliefernicht, J.; Berger, S.; Salack, S.; Guug, S.; Hingerl, L.; Heinzeller, D.; Mauder, M.; Steinbrecher, R.; Steup, G.; Bossa, A. Y.; Waongo, M.; Quansah, E.; Balogun, A. A.; Yira, Y.; Arnault, J.; Wagner, S.; Klein, C.; Gessner, U.; Knauer, K.; Straub, A.; Schönrock, R.; Kunkel, R.; Okogbue, E. C.; Rogmann, A.; Neidl, F.; Jahn, C.; Diekkrüger, B.; Aduna, A.; Barry, B.; Kunstmann, H. (2018). The WASCAL Hydrometeorological Observatory in the Sudan Savanna of Burkina Faso and Ghana. Vadose zone journal, 17 (1), 1–20. doi:10.2136/vzj2018.03.0065
De Roo, F.; Zhang, S.; Huq, S.; Mauder, M. (2018). A semi-empirical model of the energy balance closure in the surface layer. PLOS ONE, 13 (12), Article: e0209022. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0209022
Franz, D.; Acosta, M.; Altimir, N.; Arriga, N.; Arrouays, D.; Aubinet, M.; Aurela, M.; Ayres, E.; López-Ballesteros, A.; Barbaste, M.; Berveiller, D.; Biraud, S.; Boukir, H.; Brown, T.; Brümmer, C.; Buchmann, N.; Burba, G.; Carrara, A.; Cescatti, A.; Ceschia, E.; Clement, R.; Cremonese, E.; Crill, P.; Darenova, E.; Dengel, S.; D’Odorico, P.; Filippa, G.; Fleck, S.; Fratini, G.; Fuß, R.; Gielen, B.; Gogo, S.; Grace, J.; Graf, A.; Grelle, A.; Gross, P.; Grünwald, T.; Haapanala, S.; Hehn, M.; Heinesch, B.; Heiskanen, J.; Herbst, M.; Herschlein, C.; Hörtnagl, L.; Hufkens, K.; Ibrom, A.; Jolivet, C.; Joly, L.; Jones, M.; Kiese, R.; Klemedtsson, L.; Kljun, N.; Klumpp, K.; Kolari, P.; Kolle, O.; Kowalski, A.; Kutsch, W.; Laurila, T.; de Ligne, A.; Linder, S.; Lindroth, A.; Lohila, A.; Longdoz, B.; Mammarella, I.; Manise, T.; Jiménez, S. M.; Matteucci, G.; Mauder, M.; Meier, P.; Merbold, L.; Mereu, S.; Metzger, S.; Migliavacca, M.; Mölder, M.; Montagnani, L.; Moureaux, C.; Nelson, D.; Nemitz, E.; Nicolini, G.; Nilsson, M. B.; de Beeck, M. O.; Osborne, B.; Löfvenius, M. O.; Pavelka, M.; Peichl, M.; Peltola, O.; Pihlatie, M.; Pitacco, A.; Pokorný, R.; Pumpanen, J.; Ratié, C.; Rebmann, C.; Roland, M.; Sabbatini, S.; Saby, N. P. A.; Saunders, M.; Schmid, H. P.; Schrumpf, M.; Sedlák, P.; Ortiz, P. S.; Siebicke, L.; Šigut, L.; Silvennoinen, H.; Simioni, G.; Skiba, U.; Sonnentag, O.; Soudani, K.; Soulé, P.; Steinbrecher, R.; Tallec, T.; Thimonier, A.; Tuittila, E.-S.; Tuovinen, J.-P.; Vestin, P.; Vincent, G.; Vincke, C.; Vitale, D.; Waldner, P.; Weslien, P.; Wingate, L.; Wohlfahrt, G.; Zahniser, M.; Vesala, T. (2018). Towards long-term standardised carbon and greenhouse gas observations for monitoring Europe’s terrestrial ecosystems: a review. International agrophysics, 32 (4), 439–455. doi:10.1515/intag-2017-0039
Rebmann, C.; Aubinet, M.; Schmid, H. P.; Arriga, N.; Aurela, M.; Burba, G.; Clement, R.; De Ligne, A.; Fratini, G.; Gielen, B.; Grace, J.; Graf, A.; Gross, P.; Haapanala, S.; Herbst, M.; Hörtnagl, L.; Ibrom, A.; Joly, L.; Kljun, N.; Kolle, O.; Kowalski, A.; Lindroth, A.; Loustau, D.; Mammarella, I.; Mauder, M.; Merbold, L.; Metzger, S.; Mölder, M.; Montagnani, L.; Papale, D.; Pavelka, M.; Peichl, M.; Roland, M.; Serrano-Ortiz, P.; Siebicke, L.; Steinbrecher, R.; Tuovinen, J.-P.; Vesala, T.; Wohlfahrt, G.; Franz, D. (2018). ICOS eddy covariance flux-station site setup: a review. International agrophysics, 32 (4), 471–494. doi:10.1515/intag-2017-0044
Sabbatini, S.; Mammarella, I.; Arriga, N.; Fratini, G.; Graf, A.; Hörtnagl, L.; Ibrom, A.; Longdoz, B.; Mauder, M.; Merbold, L.; Metzger, S.; Montagnani, L.; Pitacco, A.; Rebmann, C.; Sedlák, P.; Šigut, L.; Vitale, D.; Papale, D. (2018). Eddy covariance raw data processing for CO2 and energy fluxes calculation at ICOS ecosystem stations. International agrophysics, 32 (4), 495–515. doi:10.1515/intag-2017-0043
Kröniger, K.; De Roo, F.; Brugger, P.; Huq, S.; Banerjee, T.; Zinsser, J.; Rotenberg, E.; Yakir, D.; Rohatyn, S.; Mauder, M. (2018). Effect of Secondary Circulations on the Surface–Atmosphere Exchange of Energy at an Isolated Semi-arid Forest. Boundary layer meteorology, 169 (2), 209–232. doi:10.1007/s10546-018-0370-6
Kiese, R.; Fersch, B.; Baessler, C.; Brosy, C.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Chwala, C.; Dannenmann, M.; Fu, J.; Gasche, R.; Grote, R.; Jahn, C.; Klatt, J.; Kunstmann, H.; Mauder, M.; Rödiger, T.; Smiatek, G.; Soltani, M.; Steinbrecher, R.; Völksch, I.; Werhahn, J.; Wolf, B.; Zeeman, M.; Schmid, H. P. (2018). The TERENO pre-alpine observatory: Integrating meteorological, hydrological, and biogeochemical measurements and modeling. Vadose zone journal, 17 (1), Art. Nr.: 180060. doi:10.2136/vzj2018.03.0060
Kröniger, K.; Katul, G. G.; De Roo, F.; Brugger, P.; Mauder, M. (2018). Aerodynamic Resistance over Canopies: Linking Eddies and Heterogeneities Using a Structure Function Approach. 23rd Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, Oklahoma City, OK, June 11-15, 2018.
Brugger, P.; Banerjee, T.; De Roo, F.; Kröniger, K.; Qubaja, R.; Rohatyn, S.; Rotenberg, E.; Tatarinov, F.; Yakir, D.; Yang, F.; Mauder, M. (2018). Effect of Surface Heterogeneity on the Boundary-Layer Height: A Case Study at a Semi-Arid Forest. Boundary layer meteorology, 169 (2), 233–250. doi:10.1007/s10546-018-0371-5
Brugger, P.; Katul, G. G.; De Roo, F.; Kröniger, K.; Rotenberg, E.; Rohatyn, S.; Mauder, M. (2018). Scalewise invariant analysis of the anisotropic Reynolds stress tensor for atmospheric surface layer and canopy sublayer turbulent flows. Physical review fluids, 3 (5), 054608. doi:10.1103/PhysRevFluids.3.054608
Khan, B.; Abualnaja, Y.; Al-Subhi, A. M.; Nellayaputhenpeedika, M.; Nellikkattu Thody, M.; Sturman, A. P. (2018). Climatology of sea breezes along the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia. International journal of climatology, 38 (9), 3633–3650. doi:10.1002/joc.5523
Banerjee, T.; Brugger, P.; De Roo, F.; Kröniger, K.; Yakir, D.; Rotenberg, E.; Mauder, M. (2018). Turbulent transport of energy across a forest and a semiarid shrubland. Atmospheric chemistry and physics, 18 (13), 10025–10038. doi:10.5194/acp-18-10025-2018
Qiu, C.; Zhu, D.; Ciais, P.; Guenet, B.; Krinner, G.; Peng, S.; Aurela, M.; Bernhofer, C.; Brümmer, C.; Bret-Harte, S.; Chu, H.; Chen, J.; Desai, A. R.; Dušek, J.; Euskirchen, E. S.; Fortuniak, K.; Flanagan, L. B.; Friborg, T.; Grygoruk, M.; Gogo, S.; Grünwald, T.; Hansen, B. U.; Holl, D.; Humphreys, E.; Hurkuck, M.; Kiely, G.; Klatt, J.; Kutzbach, L.; Largeron, C.; Laggoun-Défarge, F.; Lund, M.; Lafleur, P. M.; Li, X.; Mammarella, I.; Merbold, L.; Nilsson, M. B.; Olejnik, J.; Ottosson-Löfvenius, M.; Oechel, W.; Parmentier, F.-J. W.; Peichl, M.; Pirk, N.; Peltola, O.; Pawlak, W.; Rasse, D.; Rinne, J.; Shaver, G.; Schmid, H. P.; Sottocornola, M.; Steinbrecher, R.; Sachs, T.; Urbaniak, M.; Zona, D.; Ziemblinska, K. (2018). ORCHIDEE-PEAT (revision 4596), a model for northern peatland CO2, water, and energy fluxes on daily to annual scales. Geoscientific model development, 11 (2), 497–519. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-497-2018
Mauder, M.; Zeeman, M. J. (2018). Field intercomparison of prevailing sonic anemometers. Atmospheric measurement techniques, 11 (1), 249–263. doi:10.5194/amt-11-249-2018
De Roo, F.; Banerjee, T. (2018). Can a Simple Dynamical System Describe the Interplay between Drag and Buoyancy in Terrain-Induced Canopy Flows?. Journal of the atmospheric sciences, 75 (3), 775–786. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-17-0161.1
De Roo, F.; Mauder, M. (2018). The influence of idealized surface heterogeneity on virtual turbulent flux measurements. Atmospheric chemistry and physics, 18 (7), 5059–5074. doi:10.5194/acp-18-5059-2018
Mauder, M.; Genzel, S.; Fu, J.; Kiese, R.; Soltani, M.; Steinbrecher, R.; Zeeman, M.; Banerjee, T.; Roo, F. D.; Kunstmann, H. (2018). Evaluation of energy balance closure adjustment methods by independent evapotranspiration estimates from lysimeters and hydrological simulations. Hydrological processes, 32 (1), 39–50. doi:10.1002/hyp.11397
Kröniger, K.; Roo, F. D.; Mauder, M. (2018). Flow adjustment inside homogeneous canopies after a leading edge : An analytical approach backed by LES. Agricultural and forest meteorology, 255, 17–30. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.09.019
Desjardins, R. L.; Worth, D. E.; Pattey, E.; VanderZaag, A.; Srinivasan, R.; Mauder, M.; Worthy, D. E. J.; Sweeney, C. O.; Metzger, S. (2018). The challenge of reconciling bottom-up agricultural methane emissions inventories with top-down measurements. Agricultural and forest meteorology, 248, 48–59. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.09.003
Banerjee, T.; Vercauteren, N.; Muste, M.; Yang, D. (2018). Coherent structures in wind shear induced wave-turbulence-vegetation interaction in water bodies. Agricultural and forest meteorology, 255, 57–67. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.08.014
2017
Banerjee, T.; De Roo, F.; Mauder, M. (2017). Connecting the Failure of K Theory inside and above Vegetation Canopies and Ejection–Sweep Cycles by a Large-Eddy Simulation. Journal of applied meteorology and climatology, 56 (12), 3119–3131. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0363.1
Forkel, R.; Banzhaf, S.; Kanani-Sühring, F.; Ketelsen, K.; Khan, B.; Maronga, B.; Mauder, M.; Raasch, S. (2017). Development and implementation of an online chemistry module to a Large Eddy simulation model. EGU General Assembly (2017), Vienna, Austria, April 23–28, 2017.
Soltani, M.; Mauder, M.; Laux, P.; Kunstmann, H. (2017). Turbulent flux variability and energy balance closure in the TERENO prealpine observatory : a hydrometeorological data analysis. Theoretical and applied climatology, 1–20. doi:10.1007/s00704-017-2235-1
Lindauer, M.; Schmid, H. P.; Grote, R.; Steinbrecher, R.; Mauder, M.; Wolpert, B. (2017). A Simple New Model for Incoming Solar Radiation Dependent Only on Screen-Level Relative Humidity. Journal of applied meteorology and climatology, 56 (7), 1817–1825. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0085.1
Heidbach, K.; Schmid, H. P.; Mauder, M. (2017). Experimental evaluation of flux footprint models. Agricultural and forest meteorology, 246, 142–153. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.06.008
Huq, S.; De Roo, F.; Foken, T.; Mauder, M. (2017). Evaluation of Probe-Induced Flow Distortion of Campbell CSAT3 Sonic Anemometers by Numerical Simulation. Boundary layer meteorology, 165 (1), 9–28. doi:10.1007/s10546-017-0264-z
Banerjee, T.; De Roo, F.; Mauder, M. (2017). Explaining the convector effect in canopy turbulence by means of large-eddy simulation. Hydrology and earth system sciences, 21 (6), 2987–3000. doi:10.5194/hess-21-2987-2017
Quansah, E.; Katata, G.; Mauder, M.; Annor, T.; Amekudzi, L. K.; Bliefernicht, J.; Heinzeller, D.; Balogun, A. A.; Kunstmann, H. (2017). Numerical Simulation of Surface Energy and Water Balances over a Semiarid Grassland Ecosystem in the West African Savanna. Advances in meteorology, 2017, Article 6258180. doi:10.1155/2017/6258180
Wolf, B.; Chwala, C.; Fersch, B.; Garvelmann, J.; Junkermann, W.; Zeeman, M. J.; Angerer, A.; Adler, B.; Beck, C.; Brosy, C.; Brugger, P.; Emeis, S.; Dannenmann, M.; De Roo, F.; Diaz-Pines, E.; Haas, E.; agen, M.; Hajnsek, I.; Jacobeit, J.; Jagdhuber, T.; Kalthoff, N.; Kiese, R.; Kunstmann, H.; Kosak, O.; Krieg, R.; Malchow, C.; Mauder, M.; Merz, R.; Notarnicola, C.; Philipp, A.; Reif, W.; Reineke, S.; Rödiger, S.; Ruehr, N.; Schäfer, K.; Schrön, M.; Senatore, A.; Shupe, H.; Völksch, I.; Wanninger, C.; Zacharias, S.; Schmid, H. P. (2017). The ScaleX campaign: scale-crossing land-surface and boundary layer processes in the TERENO-preAlpine observatory. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98 (6), 1217–1234. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00277.1
Dias-Júnior, C. Q.; Sá, L. D. A.; Marques Filho, E. P.; Santana, R. A.; Mauder, M.; Manzi, A. O. (2017). Turbulence regimes in the stable boundary layer above and within the Amazon forest. Agricultural and forest meteorology, 233, 122–132. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.11.001
Zeeman, M. J.; Mauder, M.; Steinbrecher, R.; Heidbach, K.; Eckart, E.; Schmid, H. P. (2017). Reduced snow cover affects productivity of upland temperate grasslands. Agricultural and forest meteorology, 232, 514–526. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.09.002
2016
Katul, G. G.; Banerjee, T.; Cava, D.; Germano, M.; Porporato, A. (2016). Generalized logarithmic scaling for high-order moments of the longitudinal velocity component explained by the random sweeping decorrelation hypothesis. Physics of fluids, 28 (9), Art.Nr.: 095104. doi:10.1063/1.4961963
Desai, A. R.; Wohlfahrt, G.; Zeeman, M. J.; Katata, G.; Eugster, W.; Montagnani, L.; Gianelle, D.; Mauder, M.; Schmid, H.-P. (2016). Montane ecosystem productivity responds more to global circulation patterns than climatic trends. Environmental research letters, 11 (2), Art. Nr.: 024013. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/2/024013
Wolz, K.; Adler, B.; Brenner, C.; De Roo, F.; Emeis, S.; Kalthoff, N.; Mauder, M.; Schäfer, K.; Wohlfahrt, G.; Zhao, P.; Zeeman, M. J. (2016). Multi-scale observation and modelling of energy and matter exchange in the atmospheric boundary-layer (ScaleX campaigns). AGU Fall Meeting 2016, San Francisco, CA, December 12-16, 2016.
Schmid, H. P.; Zeeman, M. J.; Mauder, M.; Steinbrecher, R.; Heidbach, K.; Eckart, E. (2016). Sensitivity of upland grasslands to management and climate forcing. AGU Fall Meeting 2016, San Francisco, CA, December 12-16, 2016.
Zeeman, M.; Adler, B.; Banerjee, T.; Brugger, P.; De Roo, F.; Emeis, S.; Mauder, M.; Schäfer, K.; Wolf, B.; Schmid, H. P. (2016). Boundary layer dynamics in a small shallow valley near the Alps (ScaleX campaign). Deutsch-Österreichisch-Schweizerische Meteorologen-Tagung (Dach 2016), Berlin, Germany, March 14–18, 2016.
Zeeman, M. J.; Brugger, P.; Mauder, M. (2016). Evaluation of scan-patterns for a triple Doppler lidar setup. Deutsch-Österreichisch-Schweizerische Meteorologen-Tagung (Dach 2016), Berlin, Germany, March 14–18, 2016.
Zeeman, M. J.; Banerjee, T.; Belusic, D.; Brugger, P.; Mauder, M.; Schmid, H. P.; Vercauteren, N. (2016). Combining in-situ and ground-based remote sensing observation: how to connect the dots?. Deutsch-Österreichisch-Schweizerische Meteorologen-Tagung (Dach 2016), Berlin, Germany, March 14–18, 2016.
Zeeman, M.; Adler, B.; Banerjee, T.; Brugger, P.; De Roo, F.; Emeis, S.; Mauder, M.; Schäfer, K.; Wolf, B.; Schmid, H. P. (2016). Boundary layer dynamics in a small shallow valley near the Alps (ScaleX campaign). European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, A, April 17-22, 2016.
Zeeman, M. J.; Mauder, M.; Steinbrecher, R.; Heidbach, K.; Eckart, E.; Schmid, H. P. (2016). Sensitivity of upland grasslands to management and climate forcing. Deutsch-Österreichisch-Schweizerische Meteorologen-Tagung (Dach 2016), Berlin, Germany, March 14–18, 2016.
Zeemann, M. J.; Banerjee, T.; Belusic, D.; Brugger, P.; Mauder, M.; Vercauteren, N. (2016). Analysis of atmospheric flow in mountainous terrain using multi-scale observations and dimension-reduction techniques. AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 12-16, 2016.
Soltani, M.; Mauder, M.; Laux, P.; Kunstmann, H. (2016). Observational analysis of te atmosphere-land surface interactions over the TERENO pre-alpine region. European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, A, April 17-22, 2016.
Mauder, M.; Quansah, E.; Annor, T.; Balogun, A. A.; Amekudzi, L. K.; Bliefernicht, J.; Heinzeller, D.; Kunstmann, H. (2016). The impact of land use on the net ecosystem CO₂ exchanges in the West African Sudanian savannas. European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, A, April 17-22, 2016.
Schäfer, K.; Zeeman, M.; Brosy, C.; Münkel, C.; Fersch, B.; Mauder, M.; Emeis, S. (2016). Methane distributions and transports in the nocturnal boundary layer at a rural station. Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XXI, Edingburgh, GB, September 26-29, 2016.
Schäfer, K.; Zeeman, M.; Brosy, C.; Münkel, C.; Fersch, B.; Mauder, M.; Emeis, S. (2016). Methane distributions and transports in the nocturnal boundary layer at a rural station. Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XXI, Edingburgh, GB, September 26-29, 2016. Ed.: A. Comeron, 100103/1–9, SPIE, Bellingham (WA). doi:10.1117/12.2241110
Lindauer, M.; Schmid, H. P.; Grote, R.; Steinbrecher, R.; Mauder, M.; Wolpert, B. (2016). A simple new model for incoming solar radiation dependent only on relative humidity. 32nd Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 22nd Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 3rd Conference on Atmospheric Biogeosciences, Salt Lake City, UT, June 20-24, 2016.
Desai, A.; Hansen, Z.; Xu, K.; Mauder, M.; De Roo, F.; Metzger, S. (2016). How many flux towers are enough? Energy balance closure and large eddy simulation as diagnostic tools for secondary circulations. 32nd Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 22nd Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 3rd Conference on Atmospheric Biogeosciences, Salt Lake City, UT, June 20-24, 2016.
De Roo, F.; Zeeman, M.; Brugger, P.; Mauder, M. (2016). The dependence of energy budget components on the surface characteristics of a shallow pre-Alpine valley. 32nd Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 22nd Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, 3rd Conference on Atmospheric Biogeosciences, Salt Lake City, UT, June 20-24, 2016.
De Roo, F.; Mauder, M. (2016). The dependence of energy budget components on idealized surface characteristics: a parameter study. Deutsch-Österreichisch-Schweizerische Meteorologen-Tagung (Dach 2016), Berlin, Germany, March 14–18, 2016.
Banerjee, T.; Li, D.; Juang, J.-Y.; Katul, G. (2016). A Spectral Budget Model for the Longitudinal Turbulent Velocity in the Stable Atmospheric Surface Layer. Journal of the atmospheric sciences, 73 (1), 145–166. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0066.1
Hingerl, L.; Kunstmann, H.; Wagner, S.; Mauder, M.; Bliefernicht, J.; Rigon, R. (2016). Spatio-temporal variability of water and energy fluxes: a case study for a mesoscale catchment in pre-alpine environment. Hydrological processes, 30 (21), 3804–3823. doi:10.1002/hyp.10893
Li, D.; Salesky, S. T.; Banerjee, T. (2016). Connections between the Ozmidov scale and mean velocity profile in stably stratified atmospheric surface layers. Journal of fluid mechanics, 797 (June), Art. Nr. R3. doi:10.1017/jfm.2016.311
Maurer, V.; Kalthoff, N.; Wieser, A.; Kohler, M.; Mauder, M.; Gantner, L. (2016). Observed spatiotemporal variability of boundary-layer turbulence over flat, heterogeneous terrain. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16 (3), 1377–1400. doi:10.5194/acp-16-1377-2016
2015
Steinbrecher, R.; Lindauer, M.; Wolpert, B.; Neidl, F.; Mauder, M.; Grote, R.; Schmid, H. P. (2015). CO₂ and monoterpene exchange in a non-cleared wind-throw of a mountain Norway spruce forest. Atmospheric Science Seminar, University of Helsinki, SF, August 6, 2015.
Wulfmeyer, V.; Turner, D. D.; Mauder, M.; Behrendt, A.; Ingwersen, J.; Streck, T. (2015). A novel concept for observing land-surface-atmosphere feedback based on a synergy of scanning lidar systems. AGU Fall Meeting 2015, San Francisco, Calif., December 14-18, 2015.
Mauder, M.; Eder, F.; De Roo, F.; Brugger, P.; Schmid, H. P.; Rotenberg, E.; Yakir, D. (2015). Large-eddy transport in the surface layer over heterogeneous terrain. AGU Fall Meeting 2015, San Francisco, Calif., December 14-18, 2015.
Zhang, S.; De Roo, F.; Heinze, R.; Eder, F.; Huq, S.; Schmidt, M.; Kalthoff, N.; Mauder, M. (2015). Coherent structure patterns affect energy balance closure: evidence from virtual measurements for a field campaign. AGU Fall Meeting 2015, San Francisco, Calif., December 14-18, 2015.
Zeeman, M. J.; Adler, B.; Banerjee, T.; Brugger, P.; De Roo, F.; Emeis, S.; Mauder, M.; Schäfer, K.; Schmid, H. P.; Wolf, B. (2015). A novel concept for observing land-surface-atmosphere feedback based on a synergy of scanning lidar systems. AGU Fall Meeting 2015, San Francisco, Calif., December 14-18, 2015.
Banerjee, T.; Katul, G. G.; Mauder, M.; De Roo, F. (2015). Connecting the failure of K-theory inside vegetation canopies and ejection-sweep cycles by a Large Eddy Simulation (LES). AGU Fall Meeting 2015, San Francisco, Calif., December 14-18, 2015.
Quansah, E.; Mauder, M.; Balogun, A. A.; Amekudzi, L. K.; Hingerl, L.; Bliefernicht, J.; Kunstmann, H. (2015). Carbon dioxide fluxes from contrasting ecosystems in the Sudanian Savanna in West Africa. Carbon Balance and Management, 10 (1), 1–17. doi:10.1186/s13021-014-0011-4
Wolf, B.; Chwala, C.; De Roo, F.; Fersch, B.; Garvelmann, J.; Haas, E.; Junkermann, W.; Ruehr, N.; Schäfer, K.; Vogelmann, H.; Zeeman, M.; Arneth, A.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Dannenmann, M.; Emeis, S.; Kiese, R.; Kunstmann, H.; Mauder, M.; Suppan, P.; Sussmann, R.; Schmid, H. P. (2015). The ScaleX experiment in the TERENO-prealpine observatory. 33rd International Conference on Alpine Meteorology (ICAM), Innsbruck, A, August 31 - September 4, 2015.
Zhang, S.; De Roo, F.; Heinze, R.; Eder, F.; Huq, S.; Schmidt, M.; Mauder, M. (2015). Large-eddy simulation of the energy balance closure problem: a case study for a field campaign with multi-scale observations. European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, A, April 12-17, 2015 Geophysical Research Abstracts, 17(2015) EGU2015-3307.
Maurer, V.; Kalthoff, N.; Wieser, A.; Kohler, M.; Mauder, M. (2015). Observed spatial variability of boundary-layer turbulence over flat, heterogeneous terrain. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 15 (13), 18011–18064. doi:10.5194/acpd-15-18011-2015
Eder, F.; Schmidt, M.; Damian, T.; Träumner, K.; Mauder, M. (2015). Mesoscale eddies affect near-surface turbulent exchange: Evidence from lidar and tower measurements. Journal of applied meteorology and climatology, 54 (1), 189–206. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-14-0140.1
2014
Fratini, G.; Mauder, M. (2014). Towards a consistent eddy-covariance processing: An intercomparison of EddyPro and TK3. Atmospheric measurement techniques, 7 (7), 2273–2281. doi:10.5194/amt-7-2273-2014
Zeeman, M.; Thomas, C.; Selker, J.; Mauder, M. (2014). Recent developments in the use of DTS to monitor atmospheric flows. AGU Fall Meeting 2014, San Francisco, Calif., December 15-19, 2014.
Zeeman, M.; Steinbrecher, R.; Eckart, E.; Heidbach, K.; Mauder, M. (2014). The influence of meteorological variability on the seasonal course of pre-Alpine managed grasslands. From Observation to Prediction in Terrestial Systems : TERENO International Conference, Bonn, September 29 - October 2, 2014.
Zeeman, M.; Steinbrecher, R.; Eckart, E.; Heidbach, K.; Mauder, M. (2014). The influence of meteorological variability on the seasonal course of pre-Alpine managed grasslands. 1st ICOS International Conference on Greenhouse Gases and Biogeochemical Cycles, Bruxelles, B, September 23-25, 2014.
Hommeltenberg, J.; Mauder, M.; Heidbach, K.; Schmid, H. P. (2014). Eddy covariance-based methane and CO₂ budget of a bog-pine ecosystem in southern Germany. 7th International Symposium on Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases (NCGG7), Amsterdam, NL, November 5-7, 2014.
Hommeltenberg, J.; Mauder, M.; Heidbach, K.; Schmid, H. P. (2014). Eddy covariance-based methane and CO₂ budget of a bog-pine ecosystem in southern Germany. 31st Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Portland, Oreg., May 12- 15, 2014.
Eder, F.; Schmidt, M.; Damian, T.; Träumner, K.; Mauder, M. (2014). Meso-scale eddies contribute to near-surface exchange: evidence from field measurements. From Observation to Prediction in Terrestial Systems : TERENO International Conference, Bonn, September 29 - October 2, 2014.
Hommeltenberg, J.; Steinbrecher, R.; Drösler, M.; Mauder, M.; Schmid, H. P. (2014). Natural and drained temperate bog-forest ecosystems: Carbon sink or carbon source?. From Observation to Prediction in Terrestial Systems : TERENO International Conference, Bonn, September 29 - October 2, 2014.
Hommeltenberg, J.; Steinbrecher, R.; Drösler, M.; Mauder, M.; Schmid, H. P. (2014). Carbon source/sink relationships in natural and drained peat bog forests. 1st ICOS International Conference on Greenhouse Gases and Biogeochemical Cycles, Bruxelles, B, September 23-25, 2014.
Eder, F.; de Roo, F.; Kohnert, K.; Desjardins, R. L.; Schmid, H. P.; Mauder, M. (2014). Limitations of two energy balance closure parameterizations. From Observation to Prediction in Terrestial Systems : TERENO International Conference, Bonn, September 29 - October 2, 2014.
Hommeltenberg, J.; Mauder, M.; Drösler, M.; Heidbach, K.; Werle, P.; Schmid, H. P. (2014). Ecosystem scale methane fluxes in a natural temperate bog-pine forest in southern Germany. Agricultural and forest meteorology, 198-199, 273–284. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.08.017
Heidbach, K.; Schmid, H. P.; Mauder, M. (2014). Experimental evaluation of flux footprint models. AGU Fall Meeting 2014, San Francisco, Calif., December 15-19, 2014.
De Roo, F.; Huq, S.; Metzger, S.; Xu, K.; Desai, A.; Mauder, M. (2014). On the benefit of driving Large-Eddy Simulation with spatially resolved surface fluxes derived from environmental response functions. From Observation to Prediction in Terrestial Systems : TERENO International Conference, Bonn, September 29 - October 2, 2014.
De Roo, F.; Huq, S.; Zhang, S.; Mauder, M. (2014). Large-eddy simulation of the energy balance closure in fully heterogeneous terrain. 21st Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, Leeds, GB, June 9-13, 2014.
Heidbach, K.; Schmid, H. P.; Mauder, M. (2014). Experimental evaluation of flux footprint models. 31st Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Portland, Oreg., May 12-15, 2014.
Lindauer, M.; Schmid, H. P.; Grote, R.; Mauder, M.; Wolpert, B.; Steinbrecher, R. (2014). How does wind-throw disturbance affect the carbon budget of an upland spruce forest ecosystem?. European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, A, April 27 - May 2, 2014 Geophysical Research Abstracts, 16(2014) EGU2014-11404.
Lindauer, M.; Schmid, H. P.; Grote, R.; Mauder, M.; Steinbrecher, R.; Wolpert, B. (2014). Net ecosystem exchange over a non-cleared wind-throw-disturbed upland spruce forest. Measurement and simulations. Agricultural and forest meteorology, 197, 219–234. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.07.005
Huq, S.; de Roo, F.; Raasch, S.; Mauder, M. (2014). Vertical grid nesting for improved surface layer resolution in large-eddy simulation. 21st Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, Leeds, GB, June 9-13, 2014.
Charuchittipan, D.; Babel, W.; Mauder, M.; Leps, J. P.; Foken, T. (2014). Extension of the averaging time in Eddy-covariance measurements and its effect on the energy balance closure. Boundary layer meteorology, 152, 303–327. doi:10.1007/s10546-014-9922-6
Eder, F.; Rotenberg, E.; Yakir, D.; Schmid, H. P.; Mauder, M. (2014). Impact of surface heat flux differences on mixed-layer height: ground-based remote sensing measurements at Yatir forest, Israel. 21st Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, Leeds, GB, June 9-13, 2014.
Eder, F.; de Roo, F.; Kohnert, K.; Desjardins, R. L.; Schmid, H. P.; Mauder, M. (2014). Evaluation of two energy balance closure parametrizations. Boundary layer meteorology, 151, 195–219. doi:10.1007/s10546-013-9904-0
2013
Lindauer, M.; Grote, R.; Mauder, M.; Wolpert, B.; Steinbrecher, R.; Schmid, H. P. (2013). The transition of an upland spruce forest ecosystem through a catastrophic wind-fall event: measurements and simulation of the carbon balance. OpenScienceConference on Climate Extremes and Biogeochemical Cycles in the Terrestrial Biosphere: Impacts and Feedbacks Across Scales, Seefeld, A, April 2- 5, 2013.
Rebmann, C.; Cuntz, M.; Drüe, C.; Graf, A.; Mauder, M.; Schmidt, M.; Schmid, H. P.; Sachs, T.; Steinbrecher, R. (2013). Ecosystem studies within the German network TERENO. European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, A, April 7-12, 2013 Geophysical Research Abstracts, 15(2013) EGU2013-12764.
Kohnert, K.; Mauder, M.; Foken, T. (2013). Variability of the mixed layer height derived by ceilometer measurements in the Bavarian pre-Alps. European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, A, April 7-12, 2013 Geophysical Research Abstracts, 15(2013) EGU2013-3421.
Mauder, M.; Cuntz, M.; Drüe, C.; Graf, A.; Rebmann, C.; Schmid, H. P.; Schmidt, M.; Steinbrecher, R. (2013). On the need for uncertainty assessment of long-term eddy-covariance measurements. European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, A, April 7-12, 2013 Geophysical Research Abstracts, 15(2013) EGU2013-5229.
Fratini, G.; Mauder, M.; Griessbaum, M.; Foken, T. (2013). Towards a consistent eddy-covariance processing: a comparison between EddyPro and TK3. European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, A, April 7-12, 2013 Geophysical Research Abstracts, 15(2013) EGU2013-3866.
de Roo, F.; Mauder, M. (2013). Theoretical considerations on the energy balance closure. Deutsch-Österreichisch-Schweizerische Meteorologen-Tagung (DACH 2013), Innsbruck, A, September 2-6, 2013.
Fersch, B.; Wagner, S.; Mauder, M.; Kunstmann, H. (2013). Coupled simulation of groundwater-soil-atmosphere interaction in the TERENO Pre-Alpine region. REKLIM Workshop, Bad Honnef, 16.-18.April 2013.
Fersch, B.; Wagner, S.; Mauder, M.; Kunstmann, H. (2013). Coupled modeling of groundwater-soil-atmosphere interaction in the TERENO Pre-Alpine region. TERENO Workshop, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, 11.-12.Juni 2013.
Eder, F.; de Roo, F.; Kohnert, K.; Desjardins, R. L.; Foken, T.; Schmid, H. P.; Mauder, M. (2013). Validation of two energy balance closure parameterizations using field measurements. European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, A, April 7-12, 2013.
Metzger, S.; Junkermann, W.; Mauder, M.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Trancon y Widemann, B.; Neidl, F.; Schäfer, K.; Wieneke, S.; Zheng, X. H.; Schmid, H. P.; Foken, T. (2013). Spatially explicit regionalization of airborne flux measurements using environmental response functions. Biogeosciences, 10, 2193–2217. doi:10.5194/bg-10-2193-2013
Stoy, P. C.; Mauder, M.; Foken, T.; Marcolla, B.; Boegh, E.; Ibrom, A.; Altaf Arain, M.; Arneth, A.; Aurela, M.; Bernhofer, C.; Cescatti, A.; Dellwik, E.; Duce, P.; Gianelle, D.; van Gorsel, E.; Kiely, G.; Knohl, A.; Margolis, H.; McCaughey, H.; Merbold, L.; Montagnani, L.; Papale, D.; Reichstein, M.; Saunders, M.; Serrano-Ortiz, P.; Sottocornola, M.; Spano, D.; Vaccari, F.; Varlagin, A. (2013). A data-driven analysis of energy balance closure across FLUXNET research sites: The role of landscape scale heterogeneity. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 171-172, 137–152. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.11.004
Mauder, M.; Cuntz, M.; Drüe, C.; Graf, A.; Rebmann, C.; Schmid, H. P.; Schmidt, M.; Steinbrecher, R. (2013). A strategy for quality and uncertainty assessment of long-term eddy-covariance measurements. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 169, 122–135. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.09.006
2012
Metzger, S.; Junkermann, W.; Mauder, M.; Beyrich, F.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Schmid, H. P.; Foken, T. (2012). Eddy covariance flux measurements with a weight-shift microlight aircraft. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 5, 1699–1717. doi:10.5194/amt-5-1699-2012
Foken, T.; Leuning, R.; Oncley, S. R.; Mauder, M.; Aubinet, M. (2012). Corrections and data quality control. Aubinet, M. [Hrsg.] Eddy Covariance : A Practical Guide to Measurement and Data Analysis Dordrecht [u.a.] : Springer Science and Business Media, 2012 (Springer Atmospheric Sciences), 85–131.
Drüe, C.; Mauder, M.; Cuntz, M.; Graf, A.; Rebmann, C.; Schmid, H. P.; Schmidt, M.; Steinbrecher, R. (2012). A scheme for assessment of quality and uncertainty for long-term eddy-covariance measurements. 20th Symp.on Boundary Layers and Turbulence, Boston, Mass., July 9-13, 2012.
Emeis, S.; Jahn, C.; Schäfer, K.; Mauder, M. (2012). Temporal variation of atmospheric boundary layer features from ground-based remote sensing. TERENO Workshop, Potsdam, January 24-25, 2012.
Lindauer, M.; Schmid, H. P.; Mauder, M.; Wolpert, B.; Steinbrecher, R. (2012). Net ecosystem exchange of CO₂ in a wind-throw-disturbed upland spruce forest ecosystem. First results. 30th AMS Conf.on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Boston, Mass., May 29 - June 1, 2012.
Metzger, S.; Junkermann, W.; Mauder, M.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Trancon y Widemann, B.; Wieneke, S.; Schmid, H. P.; Foken, T. (2012). Environmental response functions - relating eddy-covariance flux measurements to ecosystem drivers. Spatial and Temporal Scaling in Continentai-Scale Ecology Workshop, Boulder, Colo., June 11-12, 2012.
Metzger, S.; Junkermann, W.; Mauder, M.; Beyrich, F.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Schmid, H. P.; Foken, T. (2012). Eddy covariance flux measurements with a weight-shift microlight aircraft. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions, 5, 2591–2643. doi:10.5194/amtd-5-2591-2012
Mauder, M. (2012). Capturing all relevant scales of biosphere-atmosphere exchange - the enigmatic energy balance closure problem. 1st Conf.on Atmospheric Biogeosciences, Boston, Mass., May 29 - June 1, 2012.
Mauder, M.; Cuntz, M.; Drüe, C.; Graf, A.; Rebmann, C.; Schmid, H. P.; Schmidt, M.; Steinbrecher, R. (2012). On the need for uncertainty assessment of long-term eddy-covariance measurements. 30th AMS Conf.on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Boston, Mass., May 29 - June 1, 2012.
2011
Hingerl, L.; Kunstmann, H.; Wagner, S.; Mauder, M.; Rigon, R. (2011). High resolution joint water and energy balance observation and modeling in a prealpine environment. European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, A, April 3-8, 2011 Geophysical Research Abstracts, 13(2011) EGU2011-3908.
Foken, T.; Aubinet, M.; Finnigan, J. J.; Leclerc, Y.; Mauder, M.; Paw, U. K. T. (2011). Results of a panel discussion about the energy balance closure correction for trace gases. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, S.ES13-ES18. doi:10.1175/2011BAMS3130.1
Zhang, Y.; Liu, H.; Foken, T.; Williams, Q. L.; Mauder, M.; Thomas, C. (2011). Coherent structures and flux contribution over an inhomogeneously irrigated cotton field. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 103, 119–131. doi:10.1007/s00704-010-0287-6
Zacharias, S.; Bogena, H.; Samaniego, L.; Mauder, M.; Fuß, R.; Pütz, T.; Frenzel, M.; Schwank, M.; Baessler, C.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Bens, O.; Borg, E.; Brauer, A.; Dietrich, P.; Hajnsek, I.; Helle, G.; Kiese, R.; Kunstmann, H.; Klotz, S.; Munch, J. C.; Papen, H.; Priesack, E.; Schmid, H. P.; Steinbrecher, R.; Rosenbaum, U.; Teutsch, G.; Vereecken, H. (2011). A network of terrestrial environmental observatories in Germany. Vadose zone journal, 10 (3), 955–973. doi:10.2136/vzj2010.0139
Cardoso Lisboa, C.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Mauder, M.; Kiese, R. (2011). Bioethanol production fro sugarcane and emissions of greenhouse gases - known and unknown. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 3, 277–292. doi:10.1111/j.1757-1707.2011.01095.x
2010
Mauder, M.; Desjardins, R.; Pattey, E.; Worth, D. (2010). An attempt to close the daytime surface energy balance using spatially-averaged flux measurements. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 136, 175–91. doi:10.1007/s10546-010-9497-9
Zhang, Y.; Liu, H.; Foken, T.; Williams, Q. L.; Liu, S.; Mauder, M.; Liebethal, C. (2010). Turbulence spectra and cospectra under the influence of large eddies in the energy balance experiment (EBEX). Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 136, 235–51. doi:10.1007/s10546-010-9504-1
Mauder, M.; Desjardins, R.; Pattey, E.; Worth, D. (2010). An attempt to close the surface energy balance using spatially-averaged flux measurements. European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly, Wien, A, May 2-7, 2010 Geophysical Research Abstracts, 12(2010) EGU2010-2866.
Foken, T.; Mauder, M.; Liebethal, C.; Wimmer, F.; Beyrich, F.; Leps, J. P.; Raasch, S.; DeBruin, H. A. R.; Meijninger, W. M. L.; Bange, J. (2010). Energy balance closure for the LITFASS-2003 experiment. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 101, 149–60. doi:10.1007/s00704-009-0216-8
2009
Desjardins, R.; Mauder, M.; Gao, Z.; Pattey, E.; Worth, D.; Flesch, T.; Srinivasan, R.; Kljun, N. (2009). Application of open and closed-path lasers for improving the estimates of the agricultural emissions of methane and nitrous oxide. FLAIR 2009 : Field Laser Applications in Industry and Research, Grainau, September 6-11, 2009.
Balogun, A. A.; Adegoke, J. O.; Vezhapparambu, S.; Mauder, M.; McFadden, J. P.; Gallo, K. (2009). Surface energy balance measurements above an exurban residential neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 133, 299–321. doi:10.1007/s10546-009-9421-3